By J. B. Fagoyinbo

Boat Making

As an engineering student, you need to be involved in Industrial Training (IT) so that you are well prepared for a graduate job in your chosen field. IT creates an opportunity for you to put what you have learned at university/polytechnic to work in the kind of real-life situations you will come up against when you start your career. It gives you a great experience during your BSc degree or National Diploma through Higher National Diploma, which I shall refer to as basic level engineering/technology study (BLETS).

The BLETS program consists of series of practical exposures manifesting in laboratory practice, workshop practice and field works. These are organized within the component courses making up the program of study and are managed by the respective department.

Each technical institution has a definite department with responsibility for coordinating the organization and management of the IT scheme. The academic staffs responsible for the trading of the students are the principal inspectors and assessors of the students’ exposures. The IT becomes necessary because it is practically impossible for a BLETS student to adequately acquire the practical exposure needed by industries.

The main stakeholders in the IT scheme include:

  1. The national government that recognizes that human resource is crucial for accelerating the transformation of the country into an industrializing economy and, thus, puts strategies in place to diversify and solidify funding for Industrial Training and Attachment. The Government thus involves the private sector, development partners, and other support agencies in financing industrial training and attachment;
  2. The Accreditation Body set up by Government to ensure that outputs of technical institutions pass through engineering curricula that meet international standards;
  3. The training institutions that ensure well-defined curricula, adequate staffing, laboratory and workshop equipment and facilities that will ensure compliance with expected standards;
  4. The Government Agency set up for the promotion, coordination and supervision of the various activities of the industries and technical institutions to ensure adequate exposure of the IT participants; and
  5. The IT participants who have responsibility are the beneficiaries of the exposure.

as an IT participant, you’ll benefit from the scheme thus:

  1. Obtain first-hand experience and transferable skills working as an engineering professional;
  2. A unique learning opportunity that offers opportunities to learn your strengths and weaknesses by creating learning objectives and receiving feedback from your supervisor;
  3. Apply the technical knowledge and engineering methods you are exposed to in the industry to real-life situations;
  4. Work with other engineering practitioners of all grades (Craftsman, technicians, technologists and chartered engineers);
  5. Experience what it’s like to work in a professional organization;
  6. Able to experience a prospective career path through acquainting yourself with a field you intend to learn about;
  7. Increase your technical, interpersonal and oral and written communication skills;
  8. Observe interactions of engineers with other professional groups; and
  9. Witness the functioning and organization of business and companies.


By J. B. Fagoyinbo

Military Cadets in Practical Session

In an earlier article,  you’ll find out that there is a high volume of unfilled vacancies in the midst of gross unemployment. In this s article, you’ll discover how you can make yourself employable. You’ll have to bear with me because the article will be a bit lengthy.

Your technical institution has put in place acceptable curricula, experienced teaching and technical staff, adequate and well-equipped laboratories and workshop, supervised Students’ Industrial Work Experience Scheme and a fool proof admission policy that ensures that you have the prerequisite qualifications before being offered admission.

I’ll start the discussion from the admission point; believing that you have the prerequisites. Any student who obtained the prerequisites on merit will definitely graduate. There may be one or, at most, two years of setback resulting from the fact that most engineering aspirants are not fully aware of the need for such courses as economics, management, environmental planning and management and other essential social studies relating to your chosen branch of engineering.

Read more. qualifying-yourself-for-engineering-employment


By J. B. Fagoyinbo

08 Feb 2012, Manila, Luzon Island, Philippines --- Manila, Philippines. 8th February 2012 -- Applicants attend a job fair at the University of Santo Tomas. -- The University of Santo Tomas (UST) is currently holding a job fair gathering 125 companies from various fields and industries to provide job opportunities for fresh graduates and alumni-alike. Philippines. 8th February 2012 --- Image by © Ezra Acayan/Demotix/Corbis
UST holds job fair – Manila

Your immediate goal is usually to obtain a job interview with a prospective employer which may lead to securing an employment. You’ll typically first look for job vacancies or employment opportunities.

I’ve witnessed various job markets. There were times when people were getting multiple offers sometimes with little effort on their part. I’ve also seen slow markets or, in the case of the last few years, exceptionally difficult ones, where even experienced, well-educated people couldn’t find or keep jobs. Many people blame these up-and-down job markets on the economy or other external forces. I’ll give a discussion of possible steps that you can take to secure a job; irrespective of the job market. For you, the unemployment rate is 0 per cent or 100 per cent: you either have a job or you don’t. You either want the job you have or you don’t.

Read full article in  PDF. job-search


The CareerLladder: taking a Step of faith
Taking a Courageous Step feels a commitment to help you build up, refine or change your career, build up a lovely and graceful family and live a fulfilled life. Surf with us:




Fashion Out Your Career with SAMSUNG










And lots more


By J. B. Fagoyinbo

I haven’t made a wrong choice

Have you decided on your career or are you still in the process of choosing one?

In an earlier article Career Decision Making,  I discussed how I chose engineering as a career. I haven’t regretted the decision although it gave me a five-year setback on graduating, but I have fulfilment; fulfilment was the basis for choosing a career in our time.

Career decision making should be done by the individual but parental guidance is needed at the early age; parents should not tailor their children to a particular profession but assist them in identifying their talents.

Let’s come back to you.

Career choice is a lifelong affair but its foundation must be solidly made. First, what disciplines and/or vocational training are related to the career? Next, what additional training and exposures would you require to adequately prepare yourself for the career?

Pre-High School Candidates

At this period, the candidates are more impressed by the quality of lives they observe in the people around them. This is very important in that it draws from their perception of life; this, however, is not a proof of their capabilities. A cousin had been drawn to military life from his infant days and was never attracted to any television programme that was not related to the military. After his High School, he gained selection into military officer training academy. He could not endure through the orientation.

Parental guidance is essential at this stage of life; not parental control. Many parents want their children to follow their careers. My oculist once lamented to me “You are the son of a farmer and you’re studying engineering whereas all my children are in the humanities”. I was then in my first year at the university.

Parents should identify the areas in which their children perform best and encourage them with support; moral, physical and financial, if capable.

About 10% of children perform very well in all subjects of study in the primary and secondary schools. Parents should try to identify areas in which the children are more exposed to. As a guide, parents should:

  1. Avail themselves of the resource requirements of varying professions; careers and vocations
  2. Put their children in schools where the children can obtain the best education they can afford;
  3. Encourage their children to get the most out the  school placement;
  4. Promote their self-understanding through self-study;
  5. Introduce them to activities that will require them to make decisions;
  6. Respect gender equity and cultural diversity;
  7. Help them learn about skills;
  8. Expose them to various work conditions that relate to their observed interests; and
  9. Observe the effects of part-time work and their responses.

Post High School Candidates

First, check out on your grades in the various subjects you had in your examinations. Have you been keeping records of your performance through High School? This is very crucial in narrowing down the wide range of disciplines available to you. Consider also your performance in computing activities; field activities, if any; relational activities; hobbies; daily chores; etc. I used to hawk vegetables, sugarcane and bitter yam after school hours in my Primary School days; this was helpful in my understanding of Arithmetic in which my least score was 98% throughout the seventeen terminal examinations. It also helped me in the study of Mathematics later in my school age.

You may not have serious problem in the choice of a discipline to study if you’ve had proper guidance in the selection of your subjects; but if not, examine what you have in relation to admission requirements for the various programmes available in the various categories of colleges: universities; polytechnics; technical colleges; and vocational centres.

You need credit level passes in English Language and Pure Mathematics, along with credit level passes in three subjects relating to the programme you’re interested in. The error most science and engineering prospective candidates make is the notion that credit-level pass is not essential in The English Language. A friend of mine says, “Why settle for the equivalent; why not go for the original?” You’ll discover to your chagrin that admission becomes difficult without credit level pass into most reputable higher institutions.

Professional bodies are also very strict in respect of admission requirements. For example Engineers’ Registration Councils all over the world will not accredit you to practise if you were wrongly admitted into higher institutions without credit passes in Mathematics and Physics. Same applies to the Medical and the Pharmaceutical professions in the relevant subjects that apply to them.

Parental counselling is still important. You may need to bring in a reputable professional in the field of interest. I had to do this for my youngest child; he is the better for it now and he appreciates it.

Post-College Candidates

You’ve had a discipline, profession or vocation. Your next line of action is choosing a career. You’ve narrowed down your scale of search. You still have a wide enough playing ground all the same.

The Career Mentoring Institute has developed a career test that can be personally administered. It does not, however, preclude the need for a career counsellor. You are advised to log on to start your free career test at

You should be able to relate your background with the result of the assessment.


By J. B. Fagoyinbo

Career Guidance on Information Technology
Career Guidance on Information Technology

The word career comes up across all spheres of life with its meaning reflected in the topic of discussion. In this write-up, career includes all of the work, learning, and leisure activities that you are involved in throughout your life; implying that planning your career isn’t separate from planning the rest of life. It is to be recognized that your work is closely connected to other life roles while the skills you’ve developed in other life roles may be useful at work.

Career is also frequently understood to relate to the working aspects of your life e.g. as in career woman. A third way in which the term career is used is to describe an occupation or a profession that involves special training or formal education and is considered to be a person’s lifework

To successfully take the journey of life through school, make the transition from school to adult life and the world of work, adolescents and young adults need guidance and encouragement from caring, supportive adults; both in school and at home. The best decisions and choices made by transitioning youth are based on sound information including appropriate assessments that are based on the talents, knowledge, skills, interests, values, family background and aptitudes of each individual.

Before proceeding further let’s look at my personal background and how it affected my choice of career.

I attended the Secondary Modern School, SMS. The SMS program is considered equivalent to the first two years of the Secondary Grammar/High School, GS. In fact, if you want to go into the Grammar School after the SMS you’ll be lucky to be admitted into class two in government-owned or mission-owned GS. Private GS could take you into the 3rd year if in the entrance examination you have a very high score. Most often the admission would be into the 2nd year with transfer to 3rd year at the end of the 1st Term; depending on your performance.

I proceeded to Teachers’ College, TC, while my colleague, who happened to be of the same age, went to GS. Our closeness was such that, though we lived at opposite ends of the town, we used to study together during the holidays. While on holidays I would carry such books as Pure Mathematics (Algebra and Geometry only), Arithmetic Principles, Principles and Practice of education, Geography, History, English Literature, English Language and Christian Religious Knowledge he would come with books on General Science, Pure Mathematics, Economics, Geography, History, English Literature, English Language, etc.

At the end of our second year, he noticed that I brought a book by F. Daniel on General Science and thus asked what I was doing with it. I told him we’ve been introduced to General Science. He demanded to know what I was going to use it for since there was no General Science in the Primary School Curriculum. I replied that I would study a science-related program in the university; like he was proposing. That also sounded strange to him; he had never noticed a trained teacher going to study in the university.

Out of the 59 of us in class only five were able to study science-related programs; one of us in engineering, two in physical sciences and two in science education.

Though I was able to spend one year in the preparation for General Certificate of Education, GCE, in the three basic sciences, Human Anatomy Physiology and Hygiene together with English Language and Pure Mathematics I had some deficiencies in Physics resulting from lack of access to any Science Laboratory. The first time I ever touched a test tube was in the university.

My father died while in the second year in TC and I have five brothers and a sister after me to take care of in partnership with my mother.

These two constraints impacted negatively on my progress.

Had I made up my mind to stay on in education or humanities I could have spent the three years I was using to build up my mother’s trading business to study for the GCE (Advanced Level) which I know I would have passed and I would have needed three years to obtain a degree as against the 5-year engineering programme which was extended by an additional year resulting from my weak science background.

My error was that I copied my friend’s career plan. I gave him a terrible blow which he lived with all his life; I studied engineering while he studied Chemistry (Education). At the time we were applying for university education we had lost touch with each other.

Rather than copy someone else’s plan for career success, create your own. You’ll be amazed by the results.


by J. B. Fagoyinbo

Agriculture is Highly Manually-Driven in Developing Economies

Agribusiness denotes the totality of business activities that are performed from farm to fork. It covers the supply of agricultural inputs, the production and transformation of agricultural products and their distribution to final consumers. Agribusiness is one of the main generators of employment and income worldwide.

Agribusiness is characterized by raw materials that are mostly perishable, variable in quality and not regularly available. The sector is subject to stringent regulatory controls on consumer safety, product quality and environmental protection. Traditional production and distribution methods are being replaced by more closely coordinated and better planned linkages between agribusiness firms, farmers, retailers and others in the supply chains.

Agribusiness needs to replace agricultural practices in developing countries to effectively combat poverty and malnourishment.



By J. B. Fagoyinbo

Cottage Industry: Saw Mill
Cottage Industry

An entrepreneur is someone who, within his capacity and willingness, organizes, manages, and assumes the risks of a business. An entrepreneur is an agent of change.

Entrepreneurship is the process of discovering new ways of combining resources along with any of its risks in order to make a profit. The most obvious example of entrepreneurship is the starting of new businesses. In economics, entrepreneurship combined with land, labor, natural resources and capital can produce profit.

The entrepreneurial spirit is characterized by innovation, risk-taking, passion for improvement in product and process quality, optimism about honest possibilities and wholehearted participation in the process of production. It is, also, an essential part of a nation’s ability to succeed in an ever-changing and increasingly competitive global marketplace.

To be able to achieve success an entrepreneur should obtain a higher market value through his new combination of resources than the market value these resources can generate elsewhere individually or in some other combination.

To effectively accomplish this he needs a combination of the following skills:

  • Planning: Entrepreneurs must be able to develop business plans to meet goals in a variety of areas, including finance, marketing, production, sales and personnel.
  • Communication: Entrepreneurs should be able to explain, discuss, sell and market their goods or services.
  • Find and manage people. Only by learning to leverage employees, vendors and other resources will an entrepreneur build a scalable company. They need to learn to network to meet the right people. Entrepreneurs strive to guarantee they will get honest and timely feedback from all these sources.
  • Interpersonal relationship: The ability to establish and maintain positive relationships with customers and clients, employees, financial lenders, investors, lawyers, accountants and other possible stakeholders, is crucial to the success of the entrepreneur’s business venture.
  • Leadership: The ability to develop a vision for the company and to inspire employees to pursue it is imperative for success
  • Marketing: Every entrepreneur is a salesperson whether they want to be or not. They are either selling their ideas, products or services to customers, investors or employees. They work to be there when customers are ready to buy. Alternately, they know how to let go and move on when they are not. Good marketing skills are critical to entrepreneurial success.
  • Resilience. The ability to weather the ups and downs of any business since it never goes exactly the way the business plan described it. This skill enables the entrepreneur to keep going when the outlook is bleak.
  • Focus. After setting a long-term vision, knowing how to “laser focus” on the very next step to get closer to the ultimate goal. There are so many distracting forces when trying to build a business that this skill is not easy to master.
  • Invest for the long-term. Most entrepreneurs are not patient and focus only on what comes next, rather than where the company needs to go. Overnight success may take 7 to 10 years. Entrepreneurs need to stop, pause and plan on a quarterly basis.
  • Learn. Successful entrepreneurs realize they don’t know everything and are aware that the market is constantly changing. They stay up to date on new systems, technology, and industry trends.
  • Self-reflection. Allow downtime to reflect on the past and plan for the future. Always working only leads to burnout physically and emotionally.
  • Self-reliance: While there is a lot of help for the entrepreneur, in the end, they need to be resourceful enough to depend on themselves.

Basic Ingredients

You will notice that in this discussion we have not mentioned finance as a basic ingredient of an entrepreneur though finance is required for investment. The major requirements of the entrepreneur are capacity and willingness with the ability to organize, manage, and assume the risks of an investment.